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21 Dic 2016 

How to Bleed a Fuel Line


summer is the same, when the weather gets warm we go fuel management systems for sale outside more to work and

play. The tools we use are powered by gasoline and diesel engines that need to

be restored to good working order before we can enjoy them or they will be

damaged by our lack of care. Being stored for winter involves draining all the

fuel and preparing the engine for storage. Restart the engine by refilling and

bleeding the fuel lines to expel trapped air that can stop an engine from running,

or even starting properly.

Things You Will NeedScrewdriver(s)




tank of fuel


Step 1


the fuel tank and fill with approved fuel until the tank is full or until fuel

reaches the inlet tube of the tank. Diesel and gasoline tanks can vary in the

procedure to bleed a fuel line but a full tank of gasoline or diesel is

required. Diesel engines rely on gravity to keep some pressure in the lines

that require a tank to be full you bleed a fuel line.

Step 2


the air cleaner from the top of a gasoline fueled engine. After having run out

of gas, or been in storage for over sixty days, the way to refill the fuel line

is with the electronic ignition. Operating the gasoline fuel pump, the engine

must have a working battery and good charge to turn the engine over when asked

to bleed the fuel lines.

Step 3


the diesel fuel filter. Open the bleeder valve located here. Use the primer

pump or activate the fuel pump to push air of a diesel fuel line. Diesel

tractors and engines are more prone to having trapped air in the fuel lines

that feed the injectors. Different than a carbureted gasoline engine, a diesel

motor can perpetuate a problem that results in poor performance by not allowing

air to fully escape the line. Tighten the diesel fuel filter bleed valve and

move into the engine bay.

Step 4


carbureted gasoline engine can quickly bleed its own fuel lines simply by

attempting to start the engine without allowing it air to start. The best way

to accomplish this is to completely cover the opening into the carburetor with

your hand. Turn the ignition key to the start position and hold for three

seconds. The hand fuel management system for cars that covers the carburetor will eventually become wet with

fuel that the fuel pump is sending into the carburetor. Attempt to start the

engine three times, that's a total of nine seconds of fuel delivery. If the

engine becomes flooded with fuel making it unable to start after this

procedure, wait 20 minutes before attempting to start again. This will bleed a

gasoline fuel line.

Step 5


engines that need the fuel lines that feed the injectors bled of air will need

to disconnect each injector fuel line and then prime the fuel system until fuel

is coming out of each injector line the same. Reconnect the injector lines and

restart the engine. This process will bleed a diesel fuel line.

Bleeding a Fuel Line is all about getting the air out of the lines. Keep valves and fuel lines free from extra air entering the lines by always maintaining the ends of hoses and bleeder valves at all times.

Tips & WarningsTIPS: A

rag to capture extra fuel will prevent you from possible fire and keep a

gasoline engine from flooding. Put a rag inside the carburetor when bleeding a

gasoline fuel line to soak up much of the fuel that would otherwise flood a gas



you bleed a fuel line on a hot engine you risk an explosion and fire, possible

burning yourself, your assistant, and the house you live. See how silly that

sounds? Protect yourself from fire by working only on a cold engine and having

the proper fire extinguishers available in the work area.

21 Dic 2016 

How to reduce domestic violence with legal assistance

We just recognized Domestic Violence Awareness month as a nation, but you wouldn't know it from the headlines streaming in.

After Cleveland Browns quarterback Johnny Manziel repeatedly smashed his girlfriend's head against a window in October, the NFL recently announced that the star player won't face any disciplinary action. It's yet another high-profile example of how our culture sanctions domestic violence and a sign of how we're still failing to keep everyone in our communities safe.

Will we do any better in 2016--or will their own homes be the most dangerous place for American women next year, too?

The numbers are startling: Approximately 1.3 million women are physically assaulted by an intimate partner in the U.S. every year. Every day, three women die because of domestic violence. It's a life-or-death matter that requires urgent attention.

The causes of domestic violence are complex, and there is no single policy or program that can prevent it from happening. But there is one critical--and long overdue--step we can take that we know makes a great deal of difference in the lives of survivors: ensuring they have access to legal help, regardless of their ability to pay.

People are surprised when they learn that domestic violence survivors aren't guaranteed a lawyer. Only a small fraction of domestic violence incidents lead to criminal prosecutions, and while abusers facing criminal charges have a right to an attorney, survivors seeking protective orders or full custody of children are not, because these matters are considered civil.

Despite the high stakes, survivors who can't afford an attorney must face complicated legal challenges on their own. Without legal help, they often lose, making it impossible to escape dangerous situations and move forward with their lives.

Research shows that increasing access to civil legal aid is one of the most effective strategies to curb rates of domestic violence. A recent report from the Institute for Policy Integrity explains how legal advocacy can reduce domestic violence substantially--even more than access to shelters or counseling services--as much as 21 percent according to one study.

But how exactly does civil legal aid reduce domestic violence?

Legal help makes it easier for survivors to secure protective orders. While some offenders may be arrested and face criminal charges, most aren't, and the best available remedy for survivors is often a protective order from a civil court.

Getting a protective order in court from an abuser can be difficult or close to impossible if you're on your own, even though it can save lives. One study found that only 32 percent of survivors were able to get a protective order without an attorney, compared to 83 percent of survivors represented by an attorney who were able to get one.

Beyond securing protective orders, legal assistance can give survivors of abuse a second chance by providing the resources for them to leave their abusers and forge new, safe, and stable lives for themselves and their children. This is no easy task--abusers often maintain control over survivors' finances and even children. But we know that help from a legal aid lawyer can empower women to sever these damaging bonds and secure housing, public benefits, or much-needed spousal support, all of which require successfully navigating civil proceedings.

According to a new study by the Washington State Supreme Court, low-income survivors of abuse are twice as likely as other low-income people to experience critical civil challenges--including issues around child custody, health, or consumer finance. Civil legal aid provides survivors with the tools to get their lives back on track and gain independence.

Unfortunately, we simply don't put enough resources towards civil legal aid to support all survivors of domestic violence. According to the most recent census of the National Network to End Domestic Violence, barely half of domestic violence programs are able to provide an advocate to accompany domestic violence survivors to court, and only 11 percent of programs can offer legal representation.

We often think of emergency shelters and counseling services as an important resource for survivors of domestic violence to get back on their feet. But without legal assistance for survivors to deal with the critical issues involved in domestic violence, shelters and counseling are only stopgap measures that can't solve the underlying problem.

It's hard to overstate the difference we can make in the lives of survivors by providing them with the right resources. Take Theresa, a mother of six children. When her husband became abusive, she and her children had nowhere to go. She had no car, no job, and no money. But with the help of Iowa Legal Aid, she was able to break her abuser's hold over her--securing a dissolution of marriage and primary custody of her kids--and start a new life. With the spousal support Iowa Legal Aid secured for her, Theresa was able to finish her college degree and get a job as a teacher that allows her to provide for her family.

Civil legal aid organizations across the country have created innovative programs that reduce barriers for survivors to obtain legal help when they need it. Legal Aid of North Carolina, prosecutors, and local law enforcement joined together to create the Victims' Justice Center, a single place where survivors can report their crimes to police and receive the counsel of an attorney, so that they understand their options and can immediately take action.

Other civil legal aid programs are developing creative partnerships with court systems. Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid launched a promising pilot program in Stearns County that has produced the nation's first domestic violence court for repeat offenders. Impressively, there hasn't been a single intimate partner homicide in the county since the project began. Among survivors of repeated domestic violence offenses who received help through the program, 50 percent successfully left their abusers within a year.

We can and should do better by survivors of domestic violence, especially when the stakes are so high. Greater investment in civil legal aid would allow more people to improve their lives and escape dangerous situations. We might finally see this national epidemic begin to retreat, rather than continue to claim lives and hold back our communities.

Martha Bergmark is the Executive Director of Voices for Civil Justice.
20 Dic 2016 

Madonna, Guy Ritchie settle child custody dispute: court official | Reuters

NEW YORK Singer Madonna and her ex-husband, director Guy Ritchie, have settled a custody dispute over their 16-year-old son Rocco, a court official in New York said on Wednesday.

It was not immediately announced with which parent the teenager would live.

Madonna, 58, and Ritchie, 47, have been in a legal battle over their son since December, when the teenager ignored a court order to fly back from Ritchie's London home to live with his mother in New York.

The "Material Girl" singer, who concluded her worldwide "Rebel Heart" tour in March, and Ritchie, director of 2009 film "Sherlock Holmes," married in 2000. After they divorced in 2008, they agreed that Rocco would live with Madonna.

In March, a New York judge and a British judge both separately urged the former spouses to find an amicable resolution for Rocco's sake.

Lucian Chalfen, a spokesman for the New York State court system, confirmed lawyer near me the case was officially settled on Wednesday but did not immediately provide further information.

Details of the settlement also were not revealed in online court records. Attorneys for Ritchie did not immediately return calls for comment and a representative for Madonna's lawyers said they do not comment on cases involving children.

Madonna and Ritchie also have an adopted son who was born in Malawi.

Ritchie is now married to British model Jacqui Ainsley, with whom he has three children.

(Reporting by divorce lawyer Laila Kearney and Joseph Ax; Editing by Bill Trott)

20 Dic 2016 

Why Fiat Chrysler May Be Google's First Self-Driving Partner

Why Fiat Chrysler May Be Google's First Self-Driving Partner -- The Motley Fool


The first Google self-driving car consumers can buy might turn out to be a Chrysler Pacifica minivan. Reports say FCA and Google are on the verge of a major technology deal. Image source: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.

Multiple reports are suggesting that Alphabet's (NASDAQ:GOOG) (NASDAQ:GOOGL) Google Cars unit is about to sign a sweeping partnership with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (NYSE:FCAU).

The deal, first reported by well-wired Detroit pundit Peter DeLorenzo on his Autoextremist blog last week, and since confirmed in follow-up reports by The Wall Street Journal and Bloomberg, could be announced as soon as this week, say the reports.

What the reports say about the deal: Talks between the two companies about a deal described as an "advanced technical partnership" have been ongoing for several months. Google is also believed to have approached both Ford (NYSE:F) and General Motors (NYSE:GM), but it appears poised to proceed with FCA.

The partnership would begin with the construction of several self-driving prototypes of FCA's new Chrysler Pacifica minivan. But that's just the first phase: Some level of Google technology could begin to appear in production versions of the Pacifica as soon as the fourth quarter of 2016, and the strong hint is that the deal will have several phases and continue for at least a few years.

Why would Google chose Fiat Chrysler?

Google Cars chief John Krafcik, an auto-industry veteran, has said repeatedly that Google doesn't want to get into the (expensive, low-profit-margin) business of manufacturing cars. Instead, it will look for opportunities to supply its self-driving technology to established automakers.

But why choose Fiat Chrysler, perhaps the least technically advanced of the major automakers? I suspect that's actually the reason: Ford and GM (and most of their European and Japanese rivals) have fairly advanced self-driving research-and-development programs of their own. They don't need Google -- and that means they don't need to agree to Google's terms.

Why might they balk? It's a safe bet that those terms include control of (or at least complete access to) the extensive data harvested by the self-driving systems. As with cell phones, the data collected by self-driving cars is expected to visit this site be quite valuable for (among other things) what it reveals about individuals' habits and preferences.

(That may sound sinister, but it's more likely to be about advertising opportunities: If your car tells Google that you favor a particular chain of coffee shops, Google [and the coffee-shop company] might offer you a coupon from time to time, or automatically point you to the company's nearest shop when you're in an unfamiliar area.)

Automakers are wary of the example set in the smartphone industry, where Google's control of the Android operating system has meant it's able to capture the bulk of profits associated with the sale and use of Android smartphones. No automaker wants to be reduced to an even-lower-margin commodity maker of hardware if it can avoid it -- and it's a safe bet that GM and Ford, run by executives who are well aware of the threat of "disruption" from Silicon Valley, were unwilling to turn over control of their cars' user experiences and data to Google.

Why Fiat Chrysler would embrace Google

FCA is in a much weaker position than Ford or GM. Right now, the company's finances and resources are stretched paper-thin while it implements CEO Sergio Marchionne's aggressive five-year plan -- a plan that does not call for significant investments in self-driving visit their website technology (or electric cars, for that matter).

For Marchionne and his team, a deal with Google could represent a quick way to put FCA in the forefront of self-driving innovation without having to spend billions of dollars on research and development. As he scrambles to keep pace with much more financially secure rivals, that potential might well make any concerns about data control seem trivial.
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20 Dic 2016 

Divorce Lawyer

The rate of divorces has increased drastically in recent years, not just in Australia but in many parts of the world. This is due to many reasons but most will agree that the change to no-fault divorces has increased the rate of divorce. Whereas years ago, couples had to prove the their spouse was "unfit" or did something wrong, with a no-fault divorce couples can obtain a divorce by merely stating they no longer wish to be married. Regardless of the reason a couple chooses to get a divorce, it's in their best interest to find a good divorce lawyer.

Australia has very clear and relatively easy-to-satisfy divorce laws. The only requirements are that you be domiciled in Australia, be an Australian citizen or an Australian resident for at least 12 months. If you meet these requirements, and have been separated from your spouse for at least 12 months, you can file for a divorce in Australia. In certain cases, the spouses are not required to attend their court hearing. One of these situations is if there are no children under the age of 18. If you do have children under the age of 18, and both you and your spouse sign a joint divorce application, you will not need to make a court appearance unless the court waives this requirement for some reason.

In spite of how easy it is to obtain a divorce in Australia, it will still be beneficial for you to have a divorce lawyer, particularly if minor children and/or property are involved. A good divorce lawyer can help you with separation, divorce, property settlement, child custody, maintenance and defacto property settlement. Occasionally, a couple will choose to handle a divorce themselves without the assistance of a divorce lawyer. This is not recommended unless there are no children or assets and both spouses are in full agreement of the simplicity of the divorce. In all other cases, a divorce lawyer is highly recommended to help stand up for your rights regarding the many issues involving family law and divorce.

Australia has made every effort to make divorce as easy, inexpensive and pain free as possible for the couple by requiring the using of arbitration in divorce cases. The private arbitration system for divorces was implemented by the federal Attorney-General of Australia to help eliminate the many disputes brought on by divorce. Divorce lawyers authorized by the courts will handle the arbitration. The couples seeking the divorce can choose their own divorce lawyer from the court-appointed list. The main purpose of the arbitration is to help resolve money issues. Arbitrators, however, have no authority to rule on disputes involving child custody.

Many people confuse arbitration with mediation or believe they are the same thing when they are actually quite different. A good divorce lawyer can explain the divorce an assist you with your needs during your divorce proceedings. A mediator cannot make a decision for or against a wife or husband but is there to listen to both sides and offer suggestions on how they can both compromise to come to an agreeable solution. If the couple cannot come to an agreement, the job of the mediator is over and an arbitrator is brought into the case. In some cases, however, the mediator is asked to come to a decision for the couple, although this is not recommended because it's often difficult for a mediator to suddenly switch roles and become an arbitrator.

Arbitrators are divorce lawyers set by the court and can set their own fees, which can often be quite expensive. Couples have the choice of choosing their own arbitrator if they're not happy with the one chosen by the court. A divorce can be a small matter between two individuals but can also be a huge court case involving a couple, their children and jointly owned property. In such a case, you will want a good divorce lawyer. You will want to make sure you have a lawyer that is experienced enough to help you in your divorce. Because there are many circumstances in divorces, you may need a checklist of questions for your divorce lawyer to help ensure you are getting the best possible divorce lawyer for your needs, some of which may include:

1. How many divorces have they handled? You do not want a divorce lawyer with little or no experience in divorces. Unless they've actually handled a divorce, they're not going to know what to expect or if there courts lean towards any certain trends. 2. What is their specialty in divorces? Although some divorces may be simple, some involve property settlements, custody battles, child support, maintenance, etc. You'll need to know your divorce lawyer has experience that will meet your needs. 3. What kind of reputation do they have in divorce cases? You may notice in divorces of wealthy couples, women seeking large settlements often seek the same divorce lawyer or couples seeking custody will use divorce lawyers that are successful in these issues. Find out what your divorce lawyer's success rate is. 4. What are the costs? The cost of divorce can be as low as hundreds (doing it yourself) and as high as thousands of dollars. Have your divorce lawyer explain what the expenses will be. Find out if there are any expenses that can be lessened or eliminated without hurting your case. 5. How many arbitrations have they been involved in? If they are a court-appointed arbitrator, as is customary in Australia divorce cases, they've probably been in arbitrations before. Find out how many and how they resulted. 6. What type of arbitrations has your divorce lawyer been involved in? If you suspect your divorce is going to become a nasty fight for custody, you want a divorce lawyer that's experienced and successful in child custody cases. 7. What does your divorce lawyer hope to accomplish in your divorce? Have him explain the most and least he hopes to get for you. Don't be afraid to compare divorce lawyers if you don't feel the first one you see can help you. 8. If asked, would your divorce lawyer be willing to work as an arbitrator and mediator? The answer you get from your lawyer may determine if he's the right divorce lawyer for you. Lawyers compared is a handy online guide for individuals seeking the services of a lawyer in Australia. This online guide covers such areas as divorce lawyers, family lawyers, commercial lawyers and more.

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